Drought reveals 3,400-year-old building from Iraq's Mitanni kingdom

Drought reveals 3,400-year-old building from Iraq's Mitanni kingdom

Due to the drought on the Tigris River, a few days ago a 3,400-year-old palace belonging to the kingdom of Mitanni was discovered.

This palace arose from the waters of the Mosul Dam, due to the need to use water reserves to mitigate the dramatic situation that the country is experiencing due to the lack of rain.

The site dates back to the Late Bronze Age, a time in which the Mitanni kingdom dominated a large swath of the Middle East.

The Kemune Palace It has been known since 2010, but it is only now possible to excavate it due to the use of the dam's water reserves to mitigate the drought.

Inside, the archaeological evidence found leads researchers to speak of an "exceptional discovery" in relation to the Mitanni civilization.

One of the great finds is the one made in the rooms of the enclosure, which measure approximately 1,850 square meters, and which are decorated with frescoes and murals.

Another striking discovery is the very structure of the rooms, with walls up to two meters thick and 7 meters high, testimony to an imposing structure.

Dr Ivana Puljiz, from the University of Tübingen, explains that the building was in use for a long time, with two clearly identifiable phases of occupation.

In turn, the clay tablets found inside reveal that this palace could have been located in the Zakhiku city.

“The Mitanni kingdom is one of the least studied empires in the ancient Middle East. The information about your buildings is only available, so far, it is Tell brak, in Syria, and in the cities of Nuzi Y Alalakh (Iraq and Turkey, respectively), both located on the outskirts of what was once the Empire. Even its capital has not been identified, beyond hypotheses ”, explained Pulijz.

The Mitanni kingdom

The kingdom of mitanni ruled a part of Mesopotamia between the 18th and 13th centuries B.C., its population being the Hurrians.

Almost nothing remains of this civilization, and most of the information available is from references to other contemporary civilizations that the Hurrians fought and traded with for roughly four centuries.

Its capital was probably Waššukanni, located in Syria on the banks of the Euphrates and currently identifiable with the archaeological site of Tell Fekheriye.

Images and via: University of Tübingen

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