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The boy's remains were found around 1880 in a cemetery near the Hawara pyramid and his face was reconstructed using computed tomography and a ‘portrait of the mummy’
A team of researchers from Austria and Germany managed to reconstruct the face of a boy who lived during Greco-Roman times in ancient Egypt and diedbetween 50 BC and 100 A.D., says a studypublished last week in PLOS ONE magazine.
Based on a ‘portrait of the mummy’ - an image of the deceased painted on wooden boards or cloth, which covers the face of a mummy - and on a CT scan of the boy's body, the scientists created a3D digital reconstruction of your face.
The results showed that the painted portrait was quite accurate, except for one aspect: the artist madethe child looks older than 3 or 4 years. "The portrait shows slightly 'more mature' features, which may have been the result of an artistic tradition of the time," Andreas Nerlich, principal investigator of the study and director of the Institute of Pathology at the Academic Clinic Munich, explained to Live Science. Bogenhausen (Germany).
To reconstruct the appropriate thickness of the skin, the researchers used standards from modern children between 3 and 8 years of age. Much of the recreated face was based on the shape of the skull and teeth, while the boy's skin and hair color were made from paint, the researchers detailed.
Furthermore, the CT scan revealed that the boy's brain and some of his abdominal organs had been removed, a common practice duringmummification in ancient Egypt. Meanwhile, the development of bones and teeth revealed the age of the boy at the time of death, probably due to pneumonia.
The boy's 78-centimeter-tall mummy was found in the 1880s in a cemetery nearthe pyramid of Hawara, southwest of Cairo, and is currently housed in the Museum of Egyptian Art in Munich.